A term meaning "New" classicism, which was a style in 19th-century European and American painting and sculpture that referred back to the classical styles of Greece and Rome. Neo-Classicism became popular in an era of idealism and suggested the "ideal life reborn" (Couper) and the celebration of the perfect human form as a work of god's creation. Neo-classical artworks have sharp and realistic delineation of the human figure, reserved emotional tone, deliberate and often mathematical composition, and cool colors such as white marble.
Neoclassicism was taught in art academies in the 19th century, but was suppressed in popularity in the early 20th century by more emotion-based styles such as Impressionism and Social Realism. In sculpture, Auguste Rodin of France, became a leading impressionist as did painter, Claude Monet. American artists who worked in the Neo-Classical style include Charles Willson Peale, John Vanderlyn, Hiram Powers, Harriet Hosmer, Edwin Weeks, Henry Benbridge, Bessie Vonnoh, Thomas Crawford, Albert Herter, William Couper, Edmonia Lewis and Erastus Palmer.
Feature Paintings by Famous Artists:
After Dinner at Ornans, The Grain Sifters, Dancers Bending Down (The Ballerinas)
The Spanish Guitarist, Claude Monet Women in the Garden, Little Dancer
Nude Boys on the Rocks at Guernsey, Bathing at Asnieres, Caravaggio Medusa
Portrait Of The Infanta Margarita, Old Man in Sorrow (On the Threshold of Eternity)
Before the Mirror, The Death Of Socrates, Stag Night at Sharkey's
The Consequences of War, Jungle with Lion, Diego Velazquez The Crucifixion
Degas Father Listening to Lorenzo Pagans, Paul Cezanne The Kitchen Table, Paul Cezanne Life in the Fields